BRRRR stands for buy, rehab, rent, refinance & repeat, and is a popular investment strategy among investors that can help you minimize the capital invested in each property.

Unlike more traditional rental property purchases, the BRRRR strategy involves using a short-term loan (typically and interest-only, hard-money loan) to finance the acquisition and rehab of the property, then refinancing into an amortizing long-term loan after the rehab is complete.

This guide will show you how DealCheck's BRRRR calculator will help you analyze the entire BRRRR lifecycle, from property purchase and rehab, to refinancing and long-term cash flow.

 

Adding a New Property

Step 1: Click the "Add Property" Button from the Property List

Navigate to the BRRRR's list and click the Add Property button at the top right:

 

Step 2: Select the "Enter Manually" Option

Our software allows you to import property data from public records or copy an existing property, but in this tutorial we'll add the property manually and explain all of the parameters you can customize along the way.

Select the Enter Manually option to launch the step-by-step wizard:

 

Step 3: Fill in the Property Details

The first step is to enter basic details about the property, including a name, property type and address. All of the fields here are optional, so you can fill in as many details as you want.

Here are the most important fields to fill in:

  • Name: this will be the name of the property used throughout our app. Some people simply use the property's address, while others like more creative names, like "2/1 Condo in South Beach, Excellent Condition".
  • Property Type: select the type of the property from the available options. This field is important, as it will enable or disable other fields based on your selection.
  • Address: enter the address of the property to view it on the map, look up sales & rental comps, as well as to access its public records later.
  • Details: enter any of the basic home facts that you know about this property, including bedrooms, bathrooms, square footage, year built, parking, etc.

Click the Next Section button at the bottom of the page to continue:

 

Step 4: Enter the Purchase & Rehab Information

The next section goes over the property purchase and rehab.

Here is what you should customize:

  • Purchase Price: the amount you're paying to purchase this property.
  • After Repair Value: the estimated market value of the property after the rehab work is complete. This will be used to calculate the refinance loan information.
  • Financing (Purchase): if you're going to use financing to purchase this property, enter the details of your loan in this section, including the loan type, interest rate, and term. Disable financing if this is a cash purchase.
  • Finance Rehab Costs: if you're using financing and your lender allows you to finance all or a part of the rehab, enable this option and enter the percentage of the rehab budget that you'll be financing.
  • Purchase Costs: these are all costs and fees associated with purchasing the property, also called closing costs. Examples include loan points, escrow fees and property inspection fees. You can enter a total amount as a percentage of the purchase price, or click the Itemize button and enter a detailed list of each purchase cost separately.

Next, use the Rehab Costs section to customize your rehab budget for this project:

  • Rehab Costs: although you can enter a total dollar amount, you'll most likely want to itemize and break down your rehab budget. Click the Itemize button and enter all of your anticipated scope of work items in the provided worksheet:
  • Cost Overrun: this is the anticipated increase of the rehab budget beyond the originally planned amount. Think of it as a safety buffer in case you have unexpected expenses.
  • Holding Period: the amount of time you anticipate it will take to finish the rehab for this property.

Note that the holding costs during the rehab phase will be automatically calculated for you based on the Operating Expenses you'll enter later.

Click the Next Section button at the bottom of the page to continue:

 

Step 5: Enter the Refinance Information

Use the Refinance section to enter the details of the long-term loan you will be using, as well as the refinance costs you expect to pay.

Customize the following:

  • Financing (Refinance): enter the details of your long-term loan in this section, including the loan type, interest rate, term and mortgage insurance.
  • Refinance Costs: these are all costs and fees associated with refinancing the property, also called closing costs. Examples include loan points, appraisal fees and recording fees. You can enter a total amount as a percentage of the ARV, or click the Itemize button and enter a detailed list of each refinance cost separately.

 Click the Next Section button at the bottom of the page to continue:

 

Step 6: Enter the Rent & Expenses Information

Use the Rent & Expenses section to enter the projected rent you're going to collect from your tenants, your operating expenses, as well as long-term projections.

First, customize the rental income:

  • Gross Rent: the total gross rent you expect to collect from your tenants. You can also change the rent collection period, which is useful for analyzing short-term rentals like Airbnb's.
  • Vacancy: enter the percentage of time you expect the property to remain vacant.
  • Other Income: use this to enter any miscellaneous income you expect to receive from this property, like storage rental, coin-operated laundry or parking fees. You can enter a monthly total or itemize the list.

Next, customize the monthly and yearly recurring expenses. You can enter an estimate as a percentage of the gross rent (useful if you're doing a quick analysis using the 50% Rule), or itemize the expenses to get more accurate projections:

When itemizing expenses, you have several options on how to enter each item:

  • As a monthly or yearly amount - good for fixed costs
  • As a percentage of the purchase price - for things like property taxes
  • As a percentage of the gross rent that either accounts for vacancy or ignores it - for maintenance, management or capital expenditures

The final section of the wizard has several additional inputs and projections you can customize to further fine-tune this deal:

  • Appreciation: the anticipated annual increase of the property's market value. This is important to calculate how the property's value will increase in the future.
  • Income Increase: the anticipated annual increase of the gross rent and any miscellaneous income. In most cases the property's rent will increase each year and this is the percentage it will increase by.
  • Expenses Increase: the anticipated annual increase of the operating expenses. Expenses will typically rise due to inflation and other factors.
  • Selling Costs: an estimate of the costs and fees associated with selling this property, also called closing costs. We use this as part of the ROI calculation.
  • Land Value: the appraised value of the land, excluding any structures or improvements. Entering the land value will improve the accuracy of the depreciation deduction.

When finished, click the Save Property button at the bottom of the page to add this property to your account:

Tip: You can save a lot of time by customizing the default presets that are used for all new BRRRR properties. Read this help article to learn how to do this.

 

Viewing the Property's Analysis

Now that you've added this property, you can view a full breakdown of the purchase & rehab information, holding costs, refinance cash out, cash flow and investment returns on the Property Analysis page:

Tip: Hover over the question mark icon next to any metric to view its description and calculation formula.

If you need to edit any of the parameters of this deal later, go to the Purchase Worksheet page from the property menu on the left side:

 

Adjusting the Length of the Rehab

One of the factors affecting your total invested cash (and your long-term returns) for a BRRRR deal is the holding period - the length of time it will take to rehab the property. Longer holding periods will increase your expenses and decrease your returns.

You can quickly adjust the holding period of your BRRRR's from the Property Analysis page by dragging the slider above the Holding Costs section:

As you do this, you'll notice the holding costs, invested cash and returns adjusting as well. If you find a new holding period you're happy with, you can quickly save it by clicking on the save button to the right of the slider:

 

Viewing Long-Term Buy & Hold Projections

While the Property Analysis page shows the numbers for the first year, you may want to see how this BRRRR property will perform in the future as well.

Click the Buy & Hold Projections link from the menu on the left side to view cash flow projections for up to 35 years:

By default, this page will show projected numbers for years 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 20 and 30. You can view projections for all years by toggling the dropdown at the top right:

Tip: Scroll the data table left and right to view information for additional years.

 

What's Next?

Once you've added a new BRRRR property, it will remain in your account and you can come back to it at any time from the property list:

Here are some other things you can do with this property:

 

Note: The above screenshots were taken from our online app, but the same features can be found in our iOS and Android apps as well.

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